The campaign to vaccinate against Covid-19 for children aged from 12 to 17 is being implemented nationwide. This campaign aims to protect children’s health in the complicated development of the COVID-19 pandemic and increase vaccine coverage in the community.
Vaccination for children is also done like adults, but there are points to note to ensure children’s health and psychophysiology.
What kind of vaccine is applied for children aged from 12 to 17 years of age?
The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine. According to the Ministry of Health, Pfizer-BioNTech (BNT162b2). USA has been approved by FDA for emergency use preventing COVID-19 for children aged 12 years and older. – The Pfizer vaccine was approved for emergency use by the World Health Organization (WHO) on December 31, 2020, and approved for emergency use by the Vietnamese Ministry of Health in Decision No. /QD-BYT June 12, 2021.
Da Nang city implements pre-vaccination against COVID-19 for children from 15 to under 18 years old. Next, to vaccinate for children aged from 12 to under 15 years old.
What should parents pay attention BEFORE giving their children vaccines?
Before getting the COVID-19 vaccine, parents/guardians should help their children mentally by talking to them before the session about what to expect.
Children should eat, drink, rest properly, drink enough water, not use stimulants, get enough sleep. Comply with epidemic prevention and control regulations such as: making a medical declaration before entering the vaccination site, wearing a mask, washing hands or disinfecting hands frequently, limiting talking and contact with other people at the vaccination site, and maintaining the prescribed distance.
Like other vaccines, children are double checked before vaccination. Children or parents, guardians need to tell the doctor about any cases of children with underlying medical conditions, history of allergies, anaphylaxis to drugs, vaccines, or any other allergens… for the doctor to recommend appropriate injection indication during screening. Parents and guardians will sign the consent form to vaccinate (if they agree to vaccinate this subject) before vaccination.
What should parents pay attention AFTER giving children vaccines?
After being vaccinated against COVID-19, parents will be asked to stay for 30 minutes to observe the child in case the child has a severe allergic reaction and needs immediate treatment.
When going home: actively monitor the child’s health within 28 days after the injection. Your child may experience some side effects, which are typical signs that a child’s body is building a protective barrier. These side effects may affect your child’s ability to function daily, but they should go away after a few days.
After the injection, the child may be tired. If you add muscular exercise, too much running, the body will be more tired. Therefore, when bringing a child home for Covid-19 vaccination, family members must advise and limit the child’s activities to control and detect abnormalities in health status early, and at the same time, ensure adequate nutrition and healthy living.
Possible side effects and how to deal with them
Possible side effects include:
– At the injection site: Pain, redness, swelling
– Systemic manifestations: Fatigue, headache, myalgia, chills, fever, nausea
Talk to doctor about using medications to relieve symptoms. In addition, parents can reduce pain and discomfort at the injection site for their child by applying a clean, cool, wet towel to the site with gentle arm movements. To reduce discomfort caused by fever, have your child drink plenty of fluids and dress in loose clothing.
Monitor the child if redness at the injection site worsens after 24 hours, or if the child’s side effects worry parents or do not seem to go away after a few days; contact the facility immediately nearest medical facility for assistance.
It takes time for a child’s body to build up protection after vaccination.
In addition to vaccination, it is still important to adhere to 5K to achieve the highest effectiveness in preventing the COVID-19 epidemic.